英语宝典 » excuse

excuse 

  • 基本释义
  • 词形变化
  • 详细释义
  • 双解释义
  • 英英释义
  • 短语词组
  • 常见例句

excuse

[iks'kju:z]

vt.原谅, 辩解
n.理由, 辩解, 借口

例句与用法:

Excuse me, can I get past, please?

劳驾,能让我过去吗?

Excuse me, but I must say you are completely wrong.

对不起,但是我必须说你完全错了。

His excuse for being late was that he had missed the train.

他迟到的理由是没有赶上火车。

Please excuse my bad handwriting.

请原谅我的字写得不好。

词形变化:

形容词: excusable | 副词: excusably | 名词: excusableness | 动词过去式: excused | 动词过去分词: excused | 动词现在分词: excusing | 动词第三人称单数: excuses |

vt.

1. 原谅[(+for)]

Please excuse the offence this time: I will not do it again.

请原谅这次冒犯:我以后再也不会了。

Please excuse me if I have left any of your questions unanswered.

如果我还有什么问题没有回答你的话, 请原谅。

2. 辩解; 成为……的理由; 试图开脱[+v-ing]

She excused her absence by saying that she was ill.

她为她的缺席申辩, 说是病了。

3. 免除[(+from)][O1]

I'd rather be excused from the meeting.

我希望能不参加那个会议。

4. 准许……离去; 让……走开[O2]

Please excuse me for a while.

请允许我离开一会儿。

n.

1. 辩解[C][U]

2. 理由; 借口[C][U]

There is no excuse for this chaotic state of affairs.

事情弄得如此之乱, 已经没有什么理由可说了。

3. 原谅, 饶恕[C]

4. 请假条[C]

I wrote an excuse for my absence from school.

我写了一张请假条, 说明缺课的原因。

5. 歉意, 道歉[P]


短语词组:

Excuse me

1. 请原谅(用于麻烦别人时)

Excuse me, does this bus go to the Central Park?

对不起, 这公共汽车开往中央公园吗?

2. 对不起(用于道歉或没听清对方的话时)

You should say "Excuse me" when you step on somebody's foot.

如果踩了别人的脚, 你应该说 "对不起"。

excuse oneself

1. 要求得到原谅; 为自己辩解

She excused herself for coming late.

她因来晚而请求原谅。

2. 请求免除; 请求准予离开

He excused himself from the party.

他要求不参加这次聚会。

in excuse of

1. 作为……辩解

In excuse of his failure he said that he had not been well during the test.

他以考试期间身体欠安来作为他失败的借口。

make one's excuses

1. 表示歉意

Make my excuses to your wife, I'm sorry to miss her birthday party.

请代我向你夫人致歉, 我很遗憾没能参加她的生日聚会。