英语宝典 » reason

reason 

  • 基本释义
  • 词形变化
  • 详细释义
  • 双解释义
  • 英英释义
  • 短语词组
  • 常见例句

reason

['ri:zn]

n.原因, 理由, 理智, 理性
v.理论, 论证, 推理, 劝说

例句与用法:

It stands to reason that nobody will work without pay.

做工作不能白做,这是明摆著的事。

He was excused by reason of his age.

他因为年龄的关系而得到宽恕。

The detective tried to reason out how the thief had escaped.

这个侦探反复琢磨想弄明白那个窃贼是怎样逃跑的。

We have reason to believe that he was murdered.

我们有理由相信他是被谋杀的。

Copernicus reasoned that the earth revolved around the sun.

哥白尼论证了地球绕着太阳转。

She can reason very clearly.

她能很清晰地思考。

词形变化:

名词: reasoner | 动词过去式: reasoned | 动词过去分词: reasoned | 动词现在分词: reasoning | 动词第三人称单数: reasons |

n.

1. 理由, 原因, 动机[C][U][(+for)][+(that)][+why][+to-v]

The reason (that) she did it is still a mystery. 或 The reason why she did it is still a mystery.

她为什么做那件事仍是一个谜。

We have every reason to refuse.

我们完全有理由拒绝。

We have reason to believe that he was lying.

我们有理由相信他是在撒谎。

The reason for her absence was that she was ill.

她之所以缺席是因为她病了。

2. 理性, 理智; 判断力, 推理[U]

3. 道理, 情理; 明智[U]

Why won't you listen to reason?

你为什么不服从理智?

4. 正常心智, 正常神志[U]

vi.

1. 推论, 推理, 思考

He is good at teaching his students to reason.

他擅于教导学生如何推理。

2. 劝说, 规劝[(+with)]

vt.

1. 推论, 推理[Y][+that]

I reasoned that he did not come because his old car had broken down again.

我推想他没有来是因为他的老爷车又抛锚了。

2. 劝说[O][(+into/out of)]

I reasoned him out of selling his house.

我说服他不把房子卖掉。

3. 辩论, 讨论


短语词组:

beyond/past all reason

1. 不合理的

Their demands are beyond all reason.

他们的要求不合理。

by reason of

1. 由于

He escaped punishment by reason of his youth.

他因为年轻得以免除惩罚。

in reason

1. 合情合理的

I'm willing to do anything in reason.

合情合理的事我都愿意做。

listen to/hear reason

1. 听从道理

Why won't you listen to reason?

你为什么不听劝告?

lose one's reason

1. 丧失理智

The poor old fellow has lost his reason.

这可怜的老头发疯了。

out of (all) reason

1. 无理的

To ask $5000 for a small house like that is out of all reason.

那么小的一幢房子索价五千美元是没有道理的。

reason out

1. 推理出

Let's reason the matter out.

让我们推理出这问题的答案。

reason with

1. 规劝

I have reasoned with him as to his conduct.

关于他的行为我已规劝过他了。

stand to reason

1. 理所当然

It stands to reason that L.A. will soon have a major earthquake.

洛杉矶很快会有大地震是很合情理的。

It stands to reason that he won't go if we don't pay him.

如果我们不付钱给他他就不去, 这是理所当然的。

with reason

1. 有道理

He thinks, with reason, that I don't like him.

他有道理认为我不喜欢他。


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